What are the differences between an open and closed adoption?

On Behalf of | May 1, 2020 | Family Law |

When researching what adoption types would be best for your family, it is important to consider both closed and open ones.

Although closed adoptions are not done as frequently as they once were, many families could benefit from learning about them.

The definitions

When people refer to a closed adoption, they mean that the birth parents do not communicate at all with you or your adopted son or daughter. In contrast, an open adoption allows for conversations or even visits between the two households. You both can talk freely and grow closer as time goes on.

The process

Open adoptions allow for input from the birth parents for what new family their child will live with. After learning more about each possible family or couple, the birth parents can help suggest who would fit the best with their child’s needs.

For closed adoptions, the process is more secretive. It is likely the child will not learn much, if anything, about his or her birth parents. This option is more commonly done in adoptions from other countries. Once the procedure is complete, any files with personal information get hidden away from anyone in either household. These documents then get sealed from anyone inquiring to know more.

The other concerns

Both of these options provide benefits and drawbacks. Open adoption allows for easy communication, which helps your child understand the circumstances behind the situation. It also allows for an option for the birth parents to answer any questions the child may have.

Closed adoption does not allow for close contact, but also solidifies the fact that the birth parents are not involved in any decision-making in the future.